As the wood of choice for winemakers, white oak is significantly stronger compared to redwood, and has the same decay resistance rating. It is also very accepting of both the butcher block type oil and fuming process that is best for long term wine aging. The white oak provides a rich look that will last a lifetime and offers a cellar constructed in the very materials used to perfectly age the wine that graces its pristine shelves.
This type of wood has been used by artisans and craftsman of all kinds for centuries. The heavy, open grained hardwood will illuminate its beauty with an oil treatment. Walnut cannot be fumed due to its lack of tannons and therefore doesn't respond well to the process. Oiling walnut has the best results and can create a rich dark brown without being too ostentatious.
Known for its recognizable red color, cherry wood is also one of the more malleable woods that machine well and radiate elegance when artistically used. When oiled properly, cherry wood will show its reddish hue and naturally satin finish when simply sanding it. Cherry wood can also be used in conjunction with other woods like white oak, to create a rich and dynamic visual effect.
Maple is a softer hardwood than most and is typically used for furniture and cabinetry. The fine texture lends itself to an oiled surface and gives a satin sheen that goes with most any home decor, allowing for many diverse uses in a wine room.